Modelling and optimal control of growth, energy, and resource dynamics of Hermetia illucens in mass production environment

Autoren: Murali Padmanabha, Alexander Kobelski, Arne-Jens Hempel, Stefan Streif

CUBES Circle   |   03.2023    peer reviewed
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Mass production of Hermetia illucens insect larvae is now being adopted in many countries and is taking an industrial production approach. Despite abundant literature on factors that affect larvae growth and the optimal static parameters identified in laboratory setup, for an industrial production process it is necessary to identify the trajectories such that the growth as well as the production process is optimal. To achieve this in this work, some of the important requirements and challenges involved thereof are identified and objectives of the automation process are formulated within a model based optimal control setup. Mechanistic models necessary for the optimization framework are derived as differential equations that describe the dynamic variation of resources (feed, water, O2 etc.), energy, and larval biomass. In addition, the elevated metabolic activity of larvae corresponding to the final instar development is identified and also modelled based on the observation from experiments. The mass and energy balance approach used in modelling enables the quantification and distinction of the mass and energy flux components in various levels (e.g. larvae body, growing medium, production environment, and external environment) while holding its applicability for both open and closed/reactor based production setups. Finally, the trajectories generated using the synthesized optimal controller are tested under different scenarios showcasing significant reduction in resource consumption compared to a constant set-point operation of the production setup. Results presented in this work not only showcase the potential of the mechanistic models and their application in identifying the relevant process parameters (e.g. reactor properties such as volume, thermal conductivity, actuator capacities), but most importantly in optimizing the process dynamically and tuning the process objectives as desired (e.g. maximize larvae mass, reduce energy).

Publikationsdatum: 03.2023
CUBES Circle

Verlag: Elsevier BV

Quelle: Computers and Electronics in Agriculture | | 107649 | 206

Publikationstyp: Journal-Artikel